HIMNO NACIONAL DE EL SALVADOR
(El Salvador National Anthem)
Saludemos la patria orgullosos
De hijos suyos podernos llamar;
Y juremos la vida animosos;
Sin descanso a su bien consagrar.
De la paz en la dicha suprema
Siempre noble sono El Salvador;
Fue obtenerla su eterno problema,
Conservarla en su gloria mayor.
Y con fe inquebrantable el camino
Del progreso se afana en seguir
Por llenar su grandioso destino,
Conquistarse un feliz porvenir.
Le protégé una ferrea barrera
Contra el choque de ruin deslealtad,
Desde el dia que en su alta bandera
Con su sangre escribio: Libertad!
(Letra: Juan Jose Canas; Musica: Juan Aberle)
El Salvador is a country in Central America, bordered by Guatemala, Honduras, and the Pacific Ocean. It is a mountainous country roughly the size of Massachusetts. Its mountains are home to more than 25 extinct volcanoes. The last eruption of the Volcano of San Salvador occurred in 1917.
El Salvador has three climatic zones determined by altitude. It’s average temperature is 77 F which makes the country a great destination for tourists who golf, water ski, wind surf, surf, fish, and swim in the tropical waters of the Pacific Ocean, and the beautiful natural and artificial lakes.
Agriculture is the backbone of El Salvador’s economy. Principal products are coffee, cotton, sugar cane, cereals, vegetables, fruits, and spices. El Salvador is the only producer of Balsam in the world. It is used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Over two hundred varieties of orchids grow in El Salvador, and a variety of tropical plants. The government of El Salvador has established reservations to protect precious flora and fauna where they are still intact.
There are over 300 important pre-Colombian archeological sites in El Salvador. Those sites include the Tazumal Ruins, the Pyramids of Campana San Andres, Joya de Ceren, the ball court of Cihuatan, the ruins of Quelepa and those of Cara Sucia. A volcanic eruption 1400 years ago by the Laguna Caldera preserved houses, plants and animals in the town of Joya de Ceren. The United Nations Education Science and Culture Organization has declared that site a Historic Human Patrimony.
El Salvador has a Republican, democratic, representative form of government with an executive, legislative, and judicial branch much like that of the United States. Its president is elected for a five year term, but he or she cannot be re-elected for consecutive terms. From 1979 through 1992 El Salvador suffered the ravages of a Civil War during which thousands died, and approximately 20% of the population emigrated to many countries within Latin America, the United States, and Europe. The United Nations played a major role in mediating a peaceful settlement, and continues to maintain a presence in El Salvador helping that country to continue on the road to a peaceful, stable, and democratic society.
Embassy of El Salvador Cultural Office, General Information El Salvador.